American political parties formed out of factions who differed on how the new nation should be organized. Federalists supported George Washington who feared that independent states would break into weak nations ripe for plucking by European powers.
Those opposing, first simply called Anti-Federalists, after lots of political maneuvering
became what is today the Republican Party, Grand Old Party—GOP. The word democrat
(small ‘d’) first a term of derision, was embraced by those who favored keeping the country unified, first Democratic Republicans, then just Democrats. These became our two major political parties.
There have been many others, each with a cause: America First Party, American Nazi Party, Christian Liberty Party, Citizens Party, Constitution Party, Green Party, Labor Party, Workers Party, some fifty listed in Wikipedia. Ross Perot, a billionaire, ran as an Independent. Ralph Nader ran for president five times, twice as a Green Party candidate. No third party candidate ever won a national election.
The present Tea Party began in 2006 as the Boston Tea Party, taking its name from an incident in 1773 when American colonists, protesting taxes, boarded a British ship and tossed bales of tea into Boston Harbor.
Observers with bales of money but who hate to part with any realized that they could use this new anti-tax Boston Tea Party. But third parties don’t win elections, so they decided it should stay a faction, and enabled by the US Supreme Court decision allowing secret donations, got money from Scrooges like the Koch Brothers, whose political mercenaries inserted the Tea Party into the body of the GOP. But it wasn't content to lie there, eating GOP innards like a tape worm, so is constantly bursting out, like Sigourney Weaver's Alien.
Secrecy is a potent weapon in an arsenal of deception that includes, subterfuge, false promises, influence peddling, pandering, and lies. But a squid-like ink of craziness betrays its presence.
Rick Perry, who threatened succession as governor of Texas, bellows anti-science, anti-evolution, anti-global warming junk. Michele Bachmann claims that an East Coast earthquake and hurricane show that God is mad at easterners, probably because most of
them see her for what she is, a ditzy nut case. Sarah Palin divides “real” Americans,
meaning rural folk, from city folk, factory hands, and anyone else who doesn’t buy her
odious anti-Americanism that judges people based on where they live and what they do.
The goal of Tea Party string pullers is trickle-up economics, sluicing more and more money into superrich veins where it pools, eventually to clot and cause a deadly thrombosis in the entire country. The Bush Depression was the first. If a second strikes, move over Third World, here comes the U.S.A.